Ayumi Kodama, Hiroko Ikeda, Chiho Nakase, Takako Masuda, Keiichi Kitahara, Sadao Arai, Yoshio Onuma, Kazuhiko Tanaka, Koji Hayashi, Junzo Yamashita and Yoshihiro Aikawa
Keywords: nickel-titanium alloy, intermetallic compound, metal oxide layer, surface state
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